Common Place Entry #10: Molly Moon’s Incredible Book of Hypnotism

It is officially 10:17 p.m. on Monday night and I say this because for some reason my blog posts are posting on the site as if it is tomorrow at five in the morning! Not sure why it’s doing that, but it is what it is. Now for my final common place entry I had to think long and hard about what to post because I feel as though I’ve exhausted everything I’m reading or that I hold close to me (remember that post about how you shouldn’t procrastinate? Reason number 3!)

I decided the best way to end my final post for ENG 303 was to write about the book that started my love for reading, and no it wasn’t  the Harry Potter series, it was actually the story of Molly Moon. The book was called Molly Moon’s Incredible Book of Hypnotism and it is the first book I clearly remember loving so much.

Molly leaned back until her curly brown hair and her ears were under the water. She stared at the fly-specked yellow paint that was peeling off the wall and at the damp patch on the ceiling where strange mushrooms grew. Water filled her ears and the world sounded foggy and far away.

Molly shut her eyes. It was an ordinary November evening, and she was in a shabby bathroom in a crumbling building called the Hardwick House Orphanage. She imagined flying over it like a bird, looking down at its gray slate roof and its bramble-filled garden. She imagined flying higher until she was looking down on the hillside where Hardwick village lay. Up and up she went until Hardwick House became tiny. She could see the whole of the town of Briersville beyond it. As Molly flew higher and higher, she saw the rest of the country and now the coastline, too, with sea on all sides. Her mind rocketed upward until she was flying in space, looking down at the earth. And there she hovered. Molly liked to fly away from the world in her imagination. It was relaxing.

Molly had this special feeling tonight, as if something exciting or strange were about to happen to her. The last time she’d felt special, she’d found a half-eaten packet of candy on the pavement in the village. The time before, she’d got away with watching two hours of evening television instead of one. Molly wondered what surprise would greet her this time. Then she opened her eyes and was back in the bath. She looked at her distorted reflection in the underside of the chrome tap. Oh dear. Surely she wasn’t as ugly as that? Was that pink lump of dough her face? Was that potato her nose? Were those small green lights her eyes?

Someone was hammering downstairs. That was strange; no one ever mended anything in Hardwick House. Then Molly realized that the hammering was someone banging on the bathroom door. Trouble. Molly shot up and hit her head on the tap. The banging outside was very loud now and with it came a fierce bark.

This is part of the first page and even over a decade later, I remember reading this like it was yesterday. Molly Moon is an orphan living at the worst orphanage imaginable. This particular passage is just before Molly gets caught having the bath water run 30 cm over the standard 10 cm of water they were allowed to have. For this she gets punished by not being allowed to take a bath for the next three days (isn’t that child abuse?!) Anyway, she finds a book on hypnotism and with her beautiful big green eyes, she uses this new-found power to get whatever she wants. Naturally, as a child I loved imagining having the power to hypnotize people to do whatever I wanted. The stories were engaging to me and kept me wanting to read more and more. I’m sure there would have been another book out there that made me fall in love with reading and ultimately with English, enough so to make me want to make a career out of it. But Molly Moon won me over and I have her to thank for my love for English.

I know this is definitely a story I’ll be reading to my kid.

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Common Place Entry #9: The Lord of the Flies

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His mind was crowded with memories; memories of the knowledge that had come to them when they closed in on the struggling pig, knowledge that they had outwitted a living thing, imposed their will upon it, taken away its life like a long satisfying drink.

– William Golding, The Lord of the Flies

I remember reading this novel my sophomore year in high school. Four years later and I still remember every detail of this book. I think I loved the book so much because they were kids, kids acting upon their primal instincts and turning into savages as time went on and they were away from society. Just kids. This passage is after Jack kills his first pig. It explores Jack’s mental state in the aftermath of the kill. Jack is unable to think about anything else because his mind is “crowded with memories” of the hunt. I don’t think Jack’s excitement stems from pride at having found food to help the group but from having “outwitted” a living animal and “imposed” his will on the pig. Before he used to think of hunting as providing food for the group but from this passage it’s clear that Jack gets a sick satisfaction from it which give in to his primal instincts. Jack is only around the age of twelve, just let that sink in for a moment.

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Common Place Entry #8: “Good Vibes” by Rebelution

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“Good vibes
We’re bringing only good vibes
People walking around talking down on others
You can’t know yourself without knowing about the other
And I know
That ain’t the right way to go

I’ve got a hunch that we don’t want to diss
Let’s move away from hate and prejudice
The racist man yeah he’s full of it
Let’s learn about the culture opposite
Don’t judge a book by the cover
People take a look at the world and discover
That beauty is the word that I think of when I see the different colors of skin
And I’ll rejoice and sing for them

The hatred keeps building up
The tension keeps on building up
The hatred keeps building up
The racism is killing us

When we come around
Try to keep compassion on the ground
Feel a sense of freedom with crowd
Connecting people with the sound

Well it’s a choice to be grateful
People focus on the enemy that’s hateful
The daily news has got a picture of a man, they say I’m supposed to hate
So great, just another stereotype to make

Too many times that I’ve seen the wrong signs
Back up with your hatred in life
Cause we’re bringing only good vibes
Bringing only good vibes
Too many times that I’ve seen the wrong signs
Empty out the hatred in life
We’re bringing only good vibes”

Rebelution happens to be my favorite band and has held this special place in my heart for quite a long while now. I’ve been lucky enough to meet all the band members multiple times and watch a ton of their shows front row. Meeting these guys, makes their music make so much sense because these guys radiate positivity and “good vibes.” What they stand for is exactly what I stand for which is why I enjoy them so much. Whenever I’m having a bad day I can just put on one of their songs and the bad vibes dissappear. I chose this song specifically because of the message it provides. Just think about it, if everyone thought this way the world would be so much better off and I can only dream of it one day happening.

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Common Place Entry #7: Fight Club

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You are not your job, you’re not how much money you have in the bank. You are not the car you drive. You’re not the contents of your wallet. You are not your fucking khakis. You are all singing, all dancing crap of the world.

– Chuck Palahniuk, Fight Club

This is my favorite novel of all time by my favorite author of all time. I just love Palahniuk’s style of writing and how cynical he is. I can choose from a million different quotes from this novel but I chose this one because it’s always a nice reminder that you are not the materialistic things in your life. In fact materialistic items shouldn’t hold any importance to you. I feel like the world we live in today, in this society at least, everyone puts too much priority on materialistic items and money. Don’t be the dancing crap of the world.

Common Place Entry #6: “Sacred Immorality”

“You smashed my pottery
One day I began to glue it back together
and for that
you said I was a liar and a cheat

You took away my beauty
When I began to wipe off ugliness
You called it vanity
and said I looked like women of the street

You cut my guitar strings
When I pulled my own hairs off my head
so I could hear a few notes of redemptive grace,
you said my music was profanity

You say the devil is getting his hooks in me
I think the devil’s hook have been in me a very long time
Thank God I’m pulling from my flesh
this satanic holiness
and inhaling, with every breath, 
the oxygen of sacred immorality”

-Mohja Kahf, “Sacred Immorality,” E-mails from Scheherazad

This poem makes me think of the sacrifices Muslim women must face everyday. Obviously, I’m reading this from a Westerner’s perspective so to me they seem like sacrifices. Since it is part of their culture, I’m sure most Muslim women who follow these strict rules don’t find them as sacrifices. But from this poem it seems like Kahf can agree that there is very limited freedom for Muslim women. My favorite line is “satanic holiness” because of how contradicting the two words are. This would be a great poem to analyze.

 

Common Place Entry #5: The Hundred Secret Senses

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“Two years is enough time, I know, to layer memories of what was with what might have been. And that’s fine, because I now believe truth lies not in logic, but in hope, both past and future. I believe hope can surprise you. It can survive the odds against it, all sorts of contradictions, and certainly any skeptic’s rationale of relying on proof through facts”

-pg. 357, The Hundred Secret Senses by Amy Tan

761903The Hundred Secret Senses is a tale of American assumptions shaken by Chinese ghosts and broadened with hope. In 1962, Olivia meets the half-sister she never knew existed, Kwan from China, who sees ghosts with her “yin eyes.” Decades later, Olivia describes her relationship with Kwan and of her failing marriage with Simon while Kwan tells the story of their past lives, desperately trying to get Olivia to remember in order to be forgiven.

The story jumps from the present to the past which kept me interested because I was basically reading two different stories. The story of Olivia and her relationship with Kwan and Simon and then story of who they once were centuries ago. **SPOILER ALERT** This passage is said by Olivia, after Kwan dissappears when the take a visit to China. Olivia never believed Kwan’s stories about the World of Yin, she only blew them off as just that, stories. But while visiting Kwan’s old hometown, Olivia is able to see in person everything that Kwan talked about, and as Kwan finally reveals that the stories she’s been telling Olivia since she was little are really the stories of who they were in their past lives, Olivia begins to believe. This passage shows Olivia’s change of thought which is why I chose to write about it because it just goes to show how powerful hope is.

Commonplace Entry #4: The Zero

“They burst into the sky, every bird in creation, angry and agitated, awakened by the same primary thought, erupting in a white feathered cloudburst, anxious and graceful, angling in ever-tightening circles toward the ground, drifting close enough to touch, and then close enough to see that it wasn’t a flock of birds at all–it was paper. Burning scraps of paper. All the little birds were paper Fluttering and circling and growing bigger, falling bits and frantic sheets, some smoking, corners scorched, flaring in the open air until there was nothing left but a fine black edge…and then gone, a hole and nothing but the faint memory of smoke. Behind the burning flock came a great wail and a moan as seething black unfurled, the world inside out, birds beating against a roiling sky and in that moment everything that wasn’t smoke was paper. And it was beautiful.”

– pg.1, The Zero by Jesse Walters

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This is the first paragraph in the novel and a good choice by Walters. I remember when I first picked up the book and began to read, I was so amazed by the detail and the imagery. Usually when books first catch my eye it’s because it sounds like it’s going to have a good story line, not because the imagery was so detailed. The Zero is about the aftermath of 9/11 in the eyes of Brian Remy, one of the first respondents to the site at the time the towers were hit. After waking up from shooting himself in the head, he begins to have lucid moments and memory gaps where he “becomes” an entirely different person who is working on a secret mission. This mission is disguised as him being employed by an intelligence organization that examines scraps of paper retrieved from the World Trade Center in the hopes of preventing another attack. Which brings us back to this passage which foreshadows what is to come.

The organization seems pointless, drawing leads on scraps of paper that have been put together. But it’s those scraps of paper that lead Remy to a woman supposedly involved with a suspected terrorist and from there Remy is forced to enter behind the scenes of conspiracies and set ups.

I think what I really enjoy about this passage is that Walter wants you to imagine the paper as a bird, and when looking at it like that it makes the paper come to life. It’s crazy to think that this was the image millions of people witnessed during the aftermath. Smoke and paper. How many of those pieces of paper belonged to someone who didn’t survive? Smoke and paper.

Commonplace Entry #3: Uncle Tom’s Children

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Uncle-Tom-Children“Yeah, but its different now, son. Its the people! Theys the ones whut us be real t us! Gawds wid the people! N the peoples gotta be real as Gawd t us! We cant hep ourselves er the people when wes erlone. Ah been wrong erbout a lotta things Ah tol yuh, son. Ah tol yuh them things cause Ah thought they wuz right. Ah tol yuh t work hard n climb t the top. Ah tol yuh folks would listen t yuh then. But they wont, son! All the will, all the strength, all the power, all the numbahs is in the people! Yuh cant live by yoself! When they beat me… here wuznt nothin Ah could do but lay there n hate n pray n cry… Ah couldnt feel mah people, Ah couldn’t see mah people, Ah couldn’t hear mah people.. All Ah could feel wuz tha whip cuttin mah blood out…”

–  pg. 210-11, “Down by the Riverside,” Uncle Tom’s Children by Richard Wright

When reading this book a couple quarters ago, this one passage struck out the most to me. The short story is about a Reverend named Taylor who tries to get help from the mayor to provide food for his neighboorhood, only to be denied, and then later kidnapped by white men who beat him nearly to death where he then realizes his high standing means nothing. This passage is Reverend Taylor telling his son about his realization: that the only way to survive is for everyone to stand together as one. As those who may know a little of Richard Wright, in his earlier years as a writer, he was known to have communist beliefs. The idea that acting alone would get nothing done was a common theme in some of Wright’s stories.

Another thing to note is the dialect. Wright stays true to the dialect he saw at the time in order to preserve the character and emotion of the short stories. When reading it as it is, there really does sound like a desperation to try to survive where as if you were to rewrite the passage with proper grammar, the passage loses all its emotion and sounds static.

So You’re Going to College: 4 Things Every Beginning English Major Should Know

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I chose to major in English because it was always my favorite subject, I love to read and write. The best thing about college is that it is so mentally stimulating and I really do learn something new every day. I wish the same could have been said about high school. High school was just somewhere I had to go to. Honestly, I really only cared to go because my friends were there. Yeah I learned a few things, but even some of the most basic concepts about writing papers were never taught, then again some where just common sense, I just never saw it. 

Here are the four things I wish I knew before I came to college:

FORGET THOSE FIVE PARAGRAPH ESSAYS

Remember when you were taught that your essays should be five paragraphs long and those paragraphs should have between five to eight sentences? Now, forget all of that. Think of five paragraph essays like training wheels. We were all taught this basic structure in middle school. The point was to provide structure for students who struggled with the concept in order to allow them to express their ideas in an easy, simple way. The five paragraph essay worked in high school, but this structure hinders your own ideas and prevent you from thinking critically.

Which is why it is now time to take the training wheels off. Allow your ideas to flow freely without having to stick to a basic intro-three main point-conclusion structure. Use as many paragraphs you need to say everything you need to say. Don’t feel as though your ideas are limited because you have to stick to a certain number of paragraphs–you don’t!  

ENTER THE CONVERSATION

Before taking a class with Dr. DeRosa, I had a hard time writing thesis statements. One of the key elements in a thesis statement, is the significance part of the thesis, the statement that answers: “Well, why should I, the reader, care?” Even still now, I’m no expert, and I still have a hard time writing them but once I was taught this, it opened my eyes to a new world of writing.

Writing is a conversation. You must be fully aware of your audience, and enter the conversation by adding new information or by beginning a new conversation. 

So what does this mean? To put it simply, if your paper isn’t adding to what has already been said about the subject matter you are writing on or introducing a new point, then you are just reciting facts and no critical thinking is involved. Those kinds of papers worked in high school but in college, every paper you write must enter the conversation at hand. So if your thesis statement is restating what has already been said by someone else or in the book you’re writing on, then it is NOT a strong thesis statement and you need to rewrite it. 

READ, READ, READ!

As a fellow English major, I would assume that you already enjoy reading to an extent. Good. Because reading is crucial to helping improve your writing. I have learned that the more novels I read and the more authors I have heard of, the better my critical thinking skills improve and the better my examples get. Not only that, but by reading regularly your vocabulary improves, your memory improves, and naturally, seeing the fluidity and different writing styles of other authors will influence your own writing. Also, reading more books and exposing yourself to new information allows you to come up with more creative ideas. 

So, go on, open up that book and get reading!

DO NOT PROCRASTINATE

I can’t stress this enough. I breezed through my English classes in high school even when I wrote my papers the night before. The truth is, high school is EASY. Personally, I don’t think my high school prepared me for college as well as it should have, or maybe it’s just because I’m a procrastinator. Sure, writing my papers the night before worked in high school, but unfortunately for me, I brought this bad habit with me to college. I say it time and time again, “I will start my paper early, I won’t do it the night before.” But guess what I’m doing now? (Sorry Dr. Edlund!) But honestly, it’s not that I want to stay up all night writing a paper that I might get a decent grade on, it’s just a bad habit I’ve developed that I can’t seem to shake. 

The thing is, as time goes on, the assignments only get harder and the workload becomes more stressful. Think about it this way, you’re paying to be in each and every one of those classes you take, and you’re probably taking these classes because you are working towards a career. If you begin to spend your time slacking off and you are not putting in a hundred percent effort on your assignments, then you are throwing money, YOUR money. Trust me, I know this, which is why I’m proud to say that yes, I still procrastinate on assignments, BUT, the number of assignments I procrastinate on has dwindled down. 

Bottom line is, procrastinating isn’t worth it. Yeah you get to enjoy those couple of days watching TV or whatever it is you choose to do instead of your homework, but then you stress yourself out the couple days before the assignment is due and you don’t get the best grade you probably could have gotten. If you don’t get the best grade you could get, then your overall grade in the class won’t be high. And you know that school you were looking into for your Masters? You know, the one that requires at least a 3.8 to get into? Well, if you continue to procrastinate, you can just kiss that school goodbye (A lesson I should take very seriously too!)

These tips are easy and simple to follow but I think that for a Freshman English major, it’s just what you need to start in the right direction!

The Case of The Cuckoo’s Calling

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Everyone has heard of J.K. Rowling thanks to the Harry Potter series. I can’t even quite remember a time when the name wasn’t familiar to me because I grew up with the series. Now have you ever heard of Robert Galbraith?

Born in 1968, Robert Galbraith is married with two sons. After several years of working with the Royal Military Police, he began working for the SIB (Special Investigation Branch), the plain-clothes branch of the RMP. He left the military in 2003 and has been working since then in the civilian security industry. His first attempt at a novel was The Cuckoo’s Calling which was published in April 2013. The idea for the protagonist of the novel, Cormoran Strike, grew directly out of his own experiences and those of his military friends. (Losowsky)

Sounds like any ordinary author with a lot of military experience to draw from, right? To the unsuspecting eye, that’s all he was, an ordinary author selling 1,500 hard copies and 7,000 e-books, library, and audio sells his first three months after the novel was released, nothing fancy. The novel was ranked 4,709 on Amazon’s bestsellers listing and had received a few positive reviews from trade magazines. The novel reached number one in UK audiobook sales and had received two offers from television productions. For only being a few months, Galbraith’s fame proved to be small but favorable.

Then in just three month in July 2013, it was revealed that Robert Galbraith didn’t really have any military background, in fact Robert wasn’t really Robert at all but the ever so famous J.K. Rowling! Overnight, The Cuckoo’s Calling went from being ranked number 4,709 to number 3 on Amazon’s bestsellers listing and sales increased by 156,866% like magic (Hern). Who would’ve thought a name could hold so much power?

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At first it seemed as though this was just a marketing ploy by Rowling’s publishers to help boost sales, but as Rowling has stated on the FAQ page of Robert Galbraith’s website, “As for the pseudonym, I was yearning to go back to the beginning of a writing career in this new genre, to work without hype or expectation and to receive totally unvarnished feedback. It was a fantastic experience and I only wish it could have gone on a little longer” proving that no marketing campaign was involved. In fact, Rowling had only mentioned her secret to a couple of people, failing to tell even some of her closest friends.

So how did the news get leaked?

Social Media. The world where news spreads faster than wildfire and Twitter is the match, the moment something important is posted, it already has thousands of retweets.

Out of the few people who Rowling told her secret to, she never expected Russells, a reputable law firm, to be the one to blow her cover. According to Dassanayake, the leak of the real identity of Galbraith was traced to a Twitter user named Jude Callegari whose account had been deleted. Jude was linked to the London-based law firm and is said to be best friend of the wife of one of the firm’s partners, Chris Gossage. Rowling’s law firm Russells said they apologized ‘unreservedly’ for the leak. The law firm said: “Whilst accepting his own culpability, the disclosure was made in confidence to someone he trusted implicitly. On becoming aware of the circumstances, we immediately notified JK Rowling’s agent” (Dassanayake).

The thing about Twitter is that anyone can say whatever they feel like, whether it’s the truth or not. Once hearing of this news, the Sunday Times in London was not about to publish this story without any hard evidence. This is where two experts were called in to use forensic linguistics otherwise known as stylometry to help solve the mystery. Stylometrics tends to rely on broad statistical analyses of how words are used and their sentence construction.

One of the experts on stylometry was Patrick Juola. Juola has been researching the subject, with a focus on authorship attribution, for about a decade. He uses a computer program to analyze and compare word usage in different texts in order to determine whether books were written by the same person.

A part of what stylometrics does is demonstrate the use of “rare pairs,” or idiosyncratic two-word phrases that an author uses regularly, probably unconsciously, more so than other comparable writers (Rothman). Juola uses a program called Java Graphical Authorship Attribution to pull out the hundred most frequently used words that an author uses. This is in order to eliminate rare words, like character names and point plots, which leave him with idiosyncratic two-word phrases and words like of and but, which are then ranked by how often they are used. For most people those words seem unimportant in solving the matter, but prepositions and articles leave an authorial fingerprint on any word because they can’t be changed since it’s part of the subconscious mind.

Juola was provided with four different texts to compare against The Cuckoo’s Calling: Rowling’s The Casual Vacancy, Ruth Rendell’s The St. Zita Society, P.D. James’ The Private Patient and Val McDermid’s The Wire in the Blood. According to Juola, “In this particular case, I wasn’t that certain at all” (Rothman) because he was only given these four texts to compare to The Cuckoo’s Calling. The only thing this proved was that out of all four of the novels, The Cuckoo’s Calling was most similar to Rowling’s work which only meant that she was more likely to be the writer than any of the other three authors. Even with such little evidence, they took what they found and confronted Rowling’s publisher, who then confirmed their findings.

Now, being curious as to what phrases exactly proved to be similar, I did a little more research where I then found a Yahoo article where Chris Wilson did his own analysis of the novel and compared it to several dozen comparable texts. By using the final two Harry Potter books, The Casual Vacancy, and The Cuckoo’s Calling–which Wilson had already learned that Rowling wrote–and thirty-six other books that were used as a control group, Wilson found fifteen distinct phrases seen consistently in Rowling’s novels. Using the phrases, Wilson used the Natural Language Toolkit Library for Python to identify two-word phrases that appear in at least three of the four Rowling books and in no more than four of the rest of the 36 books. In order to test against coincidence, Wilson also used a fifth Rowling book to check for the phrases found in the other four books and found that they were still present in the fifth.

One of the phrases found:

“D’you think”

The Casual Vacancy

“How many people d’you think knew the door code before Lula died?”

 “Growing up black in a white family, what d’you think?”

“How d’you think Wilson shapes up as a possible killer?” Strike asked the policeman.”

“So why d’you think she didn’t call to say she couldn’t see you?”

“Oh God, yeah, what d’you think? How would you feel if someone had written songs about…

Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix

“Where d’you think you’re going?” yelled Uncle Vernon. When Harry didn’t reply…

“Who said none of us was putting the news out?” said Sirius. “Why d’you think Dumbledore’s in such trouble?”

“So who d’you think‘s got it now?” asked George.

“How many hours d’you think you’re doing a day?” he demanded of Harry….

As well as other phrases like, “Bloodshot eyes,” “panting slightly,” “inside pocket.” The list of all phrases can be found here

In addition to the literary science of stylometry, upon reading the novel myself there were a few clues in The Cuckoo’s Calling that reminded me of Harry Potter. As part of the prologue, Rowling inserted a quote by Lucius Accius, “Unhappy is he whose fame makes his misfortunes famous.” Well the author of the quote automatically makes me think of the ever so notorious, Lucius Malfoy–you know, pure-blood, long blonde hair, always carried around a cane with a snake as a head.Then the quote itself makes me think of Harry Potter and how he became famous–being the only one to survive Voldemort’s killing curse. Another clue would be Cormoran Strike who is described as being bulky, hairy and messy and lives where he works. When Cormoran meets Robin, his soon-to-be assistant, he almost knocks her over and tells her of his “secret world,”  his private detective life. It looks like Rowling couldn’t erase the image of Hagrid out of her head! Finally, one of the last clues I thought sounded suspicious was the supermodel who dies in the novel, Lula Landry–does Luna Lovegood ring a bell?

Even if Rowling’s secret wasn’t tweeted to the whole world, I think eventually, people would have caught on. Would the book have sold as many copies? Probably not, but it is definitely interesting to think about how she would have improved as a writer with truthful feedback.

Sources:

Dassanayake, Dion. “JK Rowling ‘very Angry’ at being Unmasked as                   Author of the Cuckoo’s Calling.” Telegraph Media Group                           Limited. 18 July 2013. ProQuest. Web. 29 May 2014.

Hern, Alex. “Sales of “The Cuckoo’s Calling” Surge by 150,000% after JK            Rowling Revealed as  Author.” New Statesman.  New Statesman, 14           July 2013. Web. 01 June 2014.

Losowsky, Andrew. “JK Rowling Pseudonym: Robert Galbraith’s ‘The                   Cuckoo’s Calling’ Is Actually By Harry Potter Author.” The                         Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 13 July 2013. Web. 04 June         2014.

Rothman, Lily. “J.K. Rowling’s Secret: Forensic Linguist Explains How He              Figured It Out.” Entertainment. Time Inc., 15 July 2013. Web. 04               June 2014.

Rowling, J. K. “Robert Galbraith FAQ.” Robert Galbraith. The Blair                           Partnership, 2013. Web. 29 May 2014.

 Wilson, Chris. “15 Signs That J.K. Rowling Wrote the Book You’re                          Reading.”Yahoo! News. Yahoo!, 24 July 2013. Web. 3 June 2014.